Designing for Shade

Arbors built from framing lumber create shade and define outdoor rooms. Scroll cuts on the ends of the beams and joists provide interest, and attachment to the house provides rigidity.

In the middle of the day, most of an arbor’s shade comes from the lath. Tightening the spacing provides more shade.

Bolting the posts to the framing provides a great deal of rigidity. With freestanding arbors, more bracing may be needed — in the form of knee braces or, as in the photo, triangular shapes made by the lath, joists, and beams.

Porches cost more than arbors, but provide shelter from the rain as well as the sun.

A hardscape patio can be covered with a porch roof in a hybrid project.

With the addition of an under-deck drainage system and a patio, the space below a deck becomes a dry, shady refuge.

Hiding wiring in an arbor can be a challenge. Running it behind posts and atop the lath are two tricks of the trade.

Mounting a ceiling fan attractively requires cooperation between the carpenters and the electrician.

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